Selected Moments of the 20th Century

A work in progress edited by Daniel Schugurensky
Department of Adult Education and Counselling Psychology,
The Ontario Institute for Studies in Education of the University of Toronto (OISE/UT)


Raging Grannies, an innovative popular education group, is born

In the winter of 1987, in the city of Victoria, British Columbia, Canada, a group of eight women concerned with the danger of nuclear-powered and nuclear-armed vessels coming into Canadian waters, decided to get their message across by singing protest songs. At that time, those creative and courageous eight women didn't know  that those modest steps were the beginnings of an ever growing popular education group that would expand quickly throughout and abroad. Through satirical protest songs, theatrical pieces, media stunts and a variety of awareness-raising strategies, the Raging Grannies were very effective in expressing their commitments for the environment, for peace and for social justice. Their initiatives are based on research, humor and originality. The research allows them to get the facts straight, and the humour and the originality help them to educate us about political issues using art and entertainment as the main format.

For more information see: 


Prepared by DS

Suggested Citation: Author (2003). Title. In Daniel Schugurensky (Ed.), History of Education: Selected Moments of the 20th Century [online]. Available:  (date accessed).

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Last updated on January 18, 2003.