Selected Moments of the 20th Century

A work in progress edited by Daniel Schugurensky
Department of Adult Education, Community Development and Counselling Psychology,
The Ontario Institute for Studies in Education of the University of Toronto (OISE/UT)


Emma Goldman and others found the Ferrer Modern School in New York

One year after teacher Francisco Ferrer, founder of the Escuela Moderna in Barcelona was executed by the Spaniard government, a group of socialists, anarchists, and libertarians founded a school in New York City in his memory. It was named the Ferrer Modern School. Among the founders was Emma Goldman, who was highly influenced by the pedagogical ideas of Ferrer.

As Professor Freidson points out, the Ferrer Modern School of New York City stood as more than just an avant-garde school for children; it was a local libertarian meeting center for world-class intellectuals, an institutional effort to promote cultural transformation,  and a facility where adult workers from the city could read and discuss radical new ideas in the evenings.

For an excellent text on the Ferrer Modern School, see the article by Reid Friedson, a Professor of History, Culture, and Society at the Art Institute of Fort Lauderdale, Florida, United States of America at the following URL:


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