Selected Moments of the 20th Century

A work in progress edited by Daniel Schugurensky
Department of Adult Education, Community Development and Counselling Psychology,
The Ontario Institute for Studies in Education of the University of Toronto (OISE/UT)

1904

 Pavlov receives Nobel Prize, opens route for conditioning in education

This year, Ivan Petrovich Pavlov (1849-1936) was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his work on the physiology of the digestive glands, and particularly for his experiments on nervous stimulation of gastric secretions that led to the discovery of the conditioned reflexes. Pavlovís research had significant influence in the fields of neurology and psychology, and its impact on education theory and practice was expressed a few years later in the U.S. through the development of the behaviorist school, particularly in the works of Watson, Thorndike and Skinner. 

  For a brief description of the theory of conditioned reflex, please see:

http://www.as.wvu.edu/~sbb/comm221/chapters/pavlov.htm

Prepared by DS

July  2001

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